Incomparable historical monuments, fabulous treasures and mysterious mummies testify to the shine and glory of the Egypt around the times of the pharaohs. It is our pleasure to take you to the most remarkable and renowned sights.
The Egyptian museum in Cairo
In more than 50 halls, you are given an understanding of the country’s cultural uniqueness. Stela, sarcophaguses, jewellery, grave goods and statues out of 4000 years and 31 dynasties can be admired here. The treasures of Tutanchamun, which were discovered in Theben by the British archaeologist Howard Carter, are especially worth a mention and a visit – just as the remains of eleven pharaohs in the mummy-hall.
The Pyramids of Gizeh
The three pyramidal kings’ graves that tower out of the desert sand above the western edge of Cairo’s suburb Gizeh were already regarded as one of the seven wonders of the world in ancient times. The oldest of the three shrines, the Cheops Pyramid, is also the most gigantic one. Built from 2,3 million monoliths, it stuck out 146,5 m into the sky originally. The Chephren Pyramid, which still displays some of its original, polished limestone paneling at its top, is only negligibly lower. At a height of 65,5 m, the shrine of Mykerinos forms the smallest of the three monuments. The most impressive sepulchre belongs definitely to Cheops.
The ship-museum is located at the south-side of the pyramid and hosts a 4500-year-old Nile-barque made of cedar wood, which was meant to convoy the dead sovereign into the hereafter.
The world-famous Sphinx, this idol chiselled out of limestone rock, guarded the places of the West into which - according to Old-Egyptian conviction – the sun and the dead will enter.
Memphis and Sakkara
Unfortunately there is not much left from one of the formerly most important residences of Old Egypt, Memphis. The main attraction is a statue of Ramses II, lying on the back.
There is much more to marvel only a few kilometers further West in Sakkara, the central part of the memphistic necropolis. At a height of 62 m, this building is mankind’s first historic monumental construction. This oldest Egyptian pyramid was built at the behest of pharaoh Djoser and implemented by the architect Imhotep in 2600 B.C. At the ziggurat’s entrance, you can wander through a colonnade supported by mighty columns. The graves, which are adorned with reliefs documenting the daily life in the old empire, are also fascina
Luxor and Karnak
The temple-construction of Karnak is regarded as a symbol of the new empire’s glory turned into stone. From the 11th dynasty onwards far into Roman times, the God of the Empire, Amun, was being paid homage here. Starting at the entrance with the promenade framed with ram-sphinxes as far as the place of worship for the Godess Mut about one kilometer away, you will find one superlative after the other on the way – from the highest still standing obelisk (height 30 m, weight 323 tons) to the biggest pylon (width 113 m, height 43 m, gauge 15 m). The highlight of Egypt’s largest sacral ground is the Great Hall supported by 134 gigantic columns – a downright forest made of stones. Equally impressive is the temple of Luxor, which was originally connected with Karnak by a 3-kilometer-long promenade framed with sphinxes.
“One of the most wonderfully temple-constructions, adorned with marvellous colossal figures carved into the rock” was how the adventurer and plunderer Giovanni Belzoni described what he had just dug out of the sand 300 kilometers south of Assuan in 1817. These were the four seated statues of Abu Simbel, each of the 20 m high, chiseled from sandstone and more than 3200 years old. The man who had them built, Ramses II, reigned for 67 years during which he fathered more than 100 descendants. An equal symbol of his self-indulgence were the two temples he had being created there. The bigger of the two reaches 63 metres deep into the rock. The smaller one was being built for his favourite wife, Nefertari.
Further pyramids and temples worth visiting can be found in Dahsur, Abydos, Dendera, Esna, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Assuan.